Processing Cassandra Datasets with Hadoop-Streaming Based Approaches The progressive transition in the nature of both scientific and industrial datasets has been the driving force behind the development and research interests in the NoSQL model. Loosely structured data poses a challenge to traditional data store systems, and when working with the NoSQL model, these systems are often considered impractical and costly. As the quantity and quality of unstructured data grows, so does the demand for a processing pipeline that is capable of seamlessly combining the NoSQL storage model and a “Big Data” processing platform such as MapReduce. Although MapReduce is the paradigm of choice for data-intensive computing, Java-based frameworks such asHadoop require users to write MapReduce code in Java while Hadoop Streaming module allows users to define non- Java executables as map and reduce operations. When confronted with legacy C/C++ applications and other non-Java executables, there arises a further need to allow NoSQL data stores access to the features of Hadoop Streaming. We present approaches in solving the challenge of integrating NoSQL data stores with MapReduce under non-Java application scenarios, along with advantages and disadvantages of each approach. We compare Hadoop Streaming alongside our own streaming framework, MARISSA, to show performance implications of coupling NoSQL data stores like Cassandra with MapReduce frameworks that normally rely on file-system based data stores. Our experiments also include Hadoop-C*, which is a setup where a Hadoop cluster is co-located with a Cassandra cluster in order to process data using Hadoop with non-java executables.